Drugs That Treat Infection (Antibiotics)

For a complete list of antibiotics please refer to the National Library of Medicine.

Examples

Azithromycin - This antibiotic is used to treat mild to moderate infections including but not limited to throat infection, respiratory infection, skin and soft tissue infection, sexually transmitted diseases, mycoplasma pneumonia, infection of the female pelvis. Prevents wide spread mycobacterium avium. . It is also used for the treatment of Legionnaire’s disease.

Cefepime - This antibiotic is used to treat moderate to severe infections in the areas described above. It is approve to treat cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy who develop fever and low white blood cell counts.

Ceftriaxone - This antibiotic is used to treat moderate to severe infections including but not limited to respiratory infection, urinary infection, skin and bone infection, bacteria in the blood, intra-abdominal infection, biliary infection, meningitis, gonorrhea, and Lyme disease

Doxycycline - This antibiotic is used to treat moderate to severe infections including but not limited to urinary tract infections, brucellosis, trachoma, typhus, rikettsia, granuloma inguinale, smallpox, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, sexually transmitted diseases respiratory infection, and skin and soft tissue infection.

Minocycline - This antibiotic is used to treat moderate to severe infections including but not limited to prostate infection, urinary tract infection, acne, gonorrhea, brucellosis, cholera, trachoma, nocardiasis, yaws, and syphilis when penicillin is contraindicated.

What is an antibiotic?

An antibiotic is a drug that kills or decreases the growth of germs (bacteria). Antibiotics are commonly given by vein (IV) in the ICU. They may also be given by mouth or through a tube leading to the stomach.

Why is it given?

An antibiotic is usually given to treat infection. Sometimes it is given following certain operations and injuries to help prevent infection.

How long is it used?

An antibiotic will be given until infection is controlled. With serious infections antibiotics are often given for 10-14 days or sometimes longer.

Does it have side effects?

Antibiotics do have side effects. Some, such as upset stomach, skin rash or diarrhea, are minor others are more serious.