Esophagogastroduodenscopy (EGD)

What is esophagogastroduodenscopy (EGD)?

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)is a procedure used to evaluate the swallowing tube (esophogus), stomach, and small intestines with an endoscope. This procedure may be done at the patient's bedside, in the gastrointestinal(GI) laboratory, or in the operating room. The patient receives sedation and pain medication prior to the procedure and rarely recalls the procedure itself. The doctor inserts a type of endoscope called a gastroscope through the mouth, into the swallowing tube (esophagus), stomach, and a portion of the small intestines. With this procedure, the doctor is able to detect whether or not there is a blockage, tumor, ulcer, or inflammation of these structures. Frequently, biopsies (i.e., obtaining small pieces of tissue) are required to diagnose certain conditions. The most common reason to perform this type of endoscopy in the ICU is for the evaluation of intestinal bleeding. If bleeding is detected during the endoscopy, the doctor may be able to stop the bleeding by using medications or heating a blood vessel to cause clotting (cautery).

Are there any complictations associated with esophagogastroduodenscopy (EGD)?

Complications associated with EGD are rare. Discuss these with your doctor prior to the procedure.