Cardiothoracic surgeon

The cardiothoracic surgeon has advanced training in open heart surgery, lung surgery, surgery of the major blood vessels and structures of the chest.

ENT (Ear, Nose & Throat) surgeon

The ENT surgeon has advanced training in surgery of the ear, nose, mouth and throat (also called an Otolaryngology surgeon)

General surgeon

The general surgeon has training involving general surgical problems. Most of the surgery that the general surgeon performs involves problems within a patient's abdomen.

Gynecologic surgeon

The gynocologic surgeon has training in the surgical problems involving the female pelvis and female organs.


The neurosurgeon has advanced training in surgery of the brain and spinal cord.

Oncologic surgeon

The oncologic surgeon has special training in performing cancer related surgery.

Orthopedic surgeon

The orthopedic surgeon specializes in surgery of the bones and joints.


The surgeon may serve in the role of attending physician or may be called in as a consultant. There are numerous types of surgeons, including but not limited to: general surgeons trauma surgeons heart surgeons brain surgeons bone and joint surgeons, and many others. Their specific names and area of expertise are listed in this section. They have advanced training and are highly skilled in operations and care of patients following operations (postoperative care). Trauma surgeons also have advanced training in the care of the critically injured patient. Make sure you know the type of surgeon involved with the patient's care.

Trauma surgeon

The trauma surgeon has advanced training in the care and surgery of the critically injured paient.

Vascular surgeon

The vascular surgeon has advanced training in surgery of the blood vessels.